According to statistics released by the WTO, China is the country most frequently targeted by other countries for anti-dumping investigation against its exports. Foreign anti-dumping measures against Chinese goods have the following characteristics:
The variety of Chinese goods brought under anti-dumping measures is on the increase. Since the first anti-dumping case against Chinese exports, Chinese goods under anti-dumping investigations vary from labor-intensive products or easily processed products, such as mineral products and chemical products, to textile products, clothing, light industry products, home electric appliances, hardware, chemical products, mineral products, medicine and farm produce.
Many countries, such as Germany, France, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Argentina, Venezuela, South Africa, Nigeria, South Africa, Nigeria, India, South Korea, New Zealand and Turkey have filed anti-dumping lawsuits against China. Some countries impose duties at a very high rate on Chinese exports. In 1993, Mexico launched large-scale anti-dumping investigations against Chinese exports, imposing temporary anti-dumping duties 315% percent on toys and 1,105% on footwear, the highest rate ever set.
More and more countries are also beginning to bring re-exports under the scope of anti-dumping investigations. This means that exports originally made in China and directly exported or indirectly exported through Hong Kong or other regions are also becoming the target of anti-dumping investigations as more countries are adopting the rule of the origin of products as being the target of anti-dumping suits.